00:00:11
Hello, everyone. And congratulations to the Class of 2020, as well as your parents, your teachers, and everyone who helped you get to this day.

00:00:22
I never imagined I’d be giving a commencement speech with no live audience … from my backyard. But it’s giving me a much deeper understanding for what our YouTube Creators go through! And I certainly never thought I’d be sharing a virtual stage with a former President ... a

00:00:40
First Lady, a Lady Gaga, and a Queen Bey … not to mention BTS. I don’t think this is the graduation ceremony any of you imagined. At a time when you should be celebrating all the knowledge you’ve gained, you may be

00:00:55
grieving what you’ve lost: the moves you planned, the jobs you earned, and the experiences you were looking forward to. In bleak moments like these, it can be difficult to find hope.

00:01:08
So let me skip right to the end and tell you what happens: you will prevail. That’s not really the end of the speech, so don’t get too excited. The reason I know you’ll prevail is because so many others have done it before you.

00:01:23
One hundred years ago, the class of 1920 graduated into the end of a deadly pandemic. Fifty years ago, the class of 1970 graduated in the midst of the Vietnam War. And nearly 20 years ago, the class of 2001 graduated just months before 9/11.

00:01:43
There are notable examples like this. They had to overcome new challenges, and in all cases they prevailed. The long arc of history tells us we have every reason to be hopeful.

00:01:56
So, be hopeful. There’s an interesting trend I’ve noticed: It’s very conventional for every generation to underestimate the potential of the following one.

00:02:08
It’s because they don’t realize that the progress of one generation becomes the foundational premise for the next. And it takes a new set of people to come along and realize all the possibilities.

00:02:21
I grew up without much access to technology. We didn’t get our first telephone til I was 10. I didn’t have regular access to a computer until I came to America for graduate school.

00:02:33
And our television, when we finally got one, only had one channel. So imagine how awestruck I am today to be speaking to you on a platform that has millions of channels.

00:02:46
By contrast, you grew up with computers of all shapes and sizes. The ability to ask a computer anything, anywhere—the very thing I’ve spent my last decade working on—is not amazing to you.

00:02:59
That’s OK, it doesn’t make me feel bad, it makes me hopeful! There are probably things about technology that frustrate you and make you impatient. Don’t lose that impatience.

00:03:12
It will create the next technology revolution and enable you to build things my generation could never dream of. You may be just as frustrated by my generation's approach to climate change, or education.

00:03:25
Be impatient. It will create the progress the world needs. You will make the world better in your own ways.

00:03:34
Even if you don’t know exactly how. The important thing is to be open-minded so you can find what you love. For me, it was technology.

00:03:44
The more access my family had to technology, the better our lives got. So when I graduated, I knew I wanted to do something to bring technology to as many others as possible.

00:03:56
At the time, I thought I could achieve this by helping build better semiconductors. I mean, what could be more exciting than that? My father spent the equivalent of a year’s salary on my plane ticket to the U.S. so I

00:04:11
could attend Stanford. It was my first time ever on a plane. But when I eventually landed in California, things weren’t as I had imagined.

00:04:21
America was expensive. A phone call back home was more than $2 a minute, and a backpack cost the same as my dad’s monthly salary in India.

00:04:30
And for all the talk about the warm California beaches ... that water was freezing cold! On top of all that, I missed my family, my friends, and my girlfriend—now my wife—back in India.

00:04:41
Sundar as a Stanford graduate student A bright spot for me during this time was computing. For the first time in my life, I could use a computer whenever I wanted to.

00:04:52
It completely blew my mind. And at that same moment, the internet was literally being built all around me. The year I arrived at Stanford was the same year the browser Mosaic was released, which

00:05:06
would popularize the world wide web and the internet. The summer I left was the same summer that a graduate student named Sergey Brin met a prospective engineering student named Larry Page.

00:05:18
These two moments would profoundly shape the rest of my life. But at the time, I didn’t know it. It took me a while to realize that the internet would be the single best way to make technology

00:05:29
accessible to more people. As soon as I did, I changed course and decided to pursue my dreams at Google. Inspired by the wonder that first browser created in me, I led the effort to launch

00:05:43
one—called Chrome—in 2009, and drove the effort to help Google develop affordable laptops and phones so that a student growing up, in any neighborhood or village, in any part of the world, could have the same access to information as all of you.

00:06:00
Primary school students in the city of Dolores Hidalgo in Mexico Had I stayed the course in graduate school, I'd probably have a Ph.D. today—which would have made my parents really proud.

00:06:09
But I might have missed the opportunity to bring the benefits of technology to so many others. And I certainly wouldn't be standing here speaking to you as Google's CEO.

00:06:19
Believe me when I say I saw none of this coming when I first touched down in the state of California 27 years ago. The only thing that got me from here to there—other than luck—was a deep passion for technology,

00:06:33
and an open mind. So take the time to find the thing that excites you more than anything else in the world. Not the thing your parents want you to do.

00:06:42
Or the thing that all your friends are doing. Or that society expects of you. I know you’re getting a lot of advice today.

00:06:51
So let me leave you with mine: Be open … be impatient … be hopeful. If you can do that, history will remember the Class of 2020 not for what you lost, but for what you changed.

00:07:05
You have the chance to change everything. I am optimistic you will. Thank you.

00:00:01
[Music] hello everyone and congratulations to the class of 2020

00:00:15
as well as your parents your teachers and everyone who helped you get to this day

00:00:21
i never imagined i'd be giving a commencement speech with no live audience from my backyard

00:00:28
but it's giving me a much deeper understanding for what our youtube creators

00:00:32
go through and i certainly never thought i'd be sharing a virtual stage with a former president

00:00:40
a first lady a lady gaga and a queen bee not to mention bts i don't think this is the graduation ceremony any of you

00:00:49
imagine at a time when you should be celebrating all the knowledge you've gained

00:00:55
you may be grieving what you've lost the moves you planned the jobs you earned and the experiences

00:01:01
you were looking forward to in bleak moments like these it can be difficult to find hope

00:01:08
so let me skip right to the end and tell you what happens you will prevail that's not really the end

00:01:15
of the speech so don't get too excited the reason i know you'll prevail is because so many others have done it

00:01:22
before you 100 years ago class of 1920 graduated into the end of a deadly pandemic 50

00:01:30
years ago the class of 1970 graduated in the midst of vietnam war

00:01:36
and nearly 20 years ago the class of 2001 graduated just months before 9 11.

00:01:43
there are notable examples like this they had to overcome new challenges and in all cases they prevailed

00:01:51
the long arc of history tells us we have every reason to be hopeful so be hopeful there is an interesting

00:02:00
trend i've noticed it's very conventional for every generation

00:02:05
to underestimate the potential of the following one it's because they don't realize that the

00:02:10
progress of one generation becomes the foundational premise for the next

00:02:15
and it takes a new set of people to come along and realize all the possibilities i grew up without

00:02:22
much access to technology we didn't get our first telephone till i was 10.

00:02:28
i didn't have regular access to a computer until i came to america for graduate school

00:02:34
under television when we finally got one only had one channel so imagine how awestruck i am today to

00:02:41
be speaking to you on a platform that has millions of channels by contrast

00:02:47
you grew up with computers of all shapes and sizes the ability to ask a computer anything

00:02:54
anywhere the very thing i've spent my last decade working on is not amazing to you that's okay

00:03:01
it doesn't make me feel bad it makes me hopeful there are probably things about

00:03:06
technology that frustrate you and make you impatient don't lose that impatience

00:03:12
it'll create the next technology revolution and enable you to build things my generation could never dream

00:03:18
of you may be just as frustrated by my generation's approach to climate change

00:03:24
or education be impatient it'll create the progress the world needs

00:03:31
you will make the world better in your own way even if you don't know exactly how the

00:03:37
important thing is to be open-minded so that you can find what you love

00:03:42
for me it was technology the more access my family had to technology the better our lives got

00:03:49
so when i graduated i knew i wanted to do something to bring technology to as many others as

00:03:55
possible at the time i thought i could achieve this by building

00:04:00
better semiconductors i mean what could be more exciting than that my father spent the equivalent of a

00:04:08
year's salary on my plane ticket to the u.s so i could attend stanford it was my

00:04:13
first time ever on a plane but when i eventually landed in california

00:04:18
things weren't as i had imagined america was expensive a phone call back home was more than two

00:04:25
dollars a minute and a backpack cost the same as my dad's monthly salary in india

00:04:30
and for all the talk about the warm california beaches that water was freezing cold on top of

00:04:36
all that i miss my family my friends and my girlfriend

00:04:40
now my wife back in india a bright spot for me during this time was computing for the first time in my life i could

00:04:49
use a computer whenever i wanted to completely blew my mind

00:04:54
and at that same moment the internet was literally being built all around me the year i arrived at

00:05:01
stanford was the same year the browser mosaic was released

00:05:05
which would popularize the world wide web and the internet the summer i left was the same summer

00:05:11
that a graduate student named sergey brin met a prospective engineering student

00:05:16
named larry page these two moments would profoundly shape the rest of my life

00:05:22
but at the time i didn't know it it took me a while to realize that the internet would be the single best way to make

00:05:28
technology accessible to more people and as soon as i did

00:05:33
i changed course and decided to pursue my dreams at google inspired by the wonder that first

00:05:39
browser created in me i led the effort to launch one called chrome

00:05:44
in 2009 and drove the effort to help google develop affordable laptops and phones

00:05:51
so that a student growing up in any neighborhood or village in any part of the world could have the

00:05:58
same access to information as all of you had i stayed the course in graduate school

00:06:04
i'd probably have a phd today which would have made my parents really proud but i might have missed the opportunity

00:06:10
to bring the benefits of technology to so many others and i certainly wouldn't be standing here

00:06:16
speaking to you as google ceo believe me when i say i saw none of this coming when i first touched

00:06:22
down in the state of california 27 years ago the only thing that got me from there to here other than luck was a

00:06:31
deep passion for technology and an open mind so take the time to find the thing that excites you more

00:06:38
than anything else in the world not the thing your parents want you to do

00:06:42
or the thing that all your friends are doing or that society expects of you i know you're getting a lot of advice

00:06:50
today so let me leave you with mine be open be impatient be hopeful if you can do that history will

00:06:59
remember the class of 2020 not for what you lost but for what you changed

00:07:05
you have the chance to change everything i am optimistic you will thank you

00:07:21
[Music] so [Music]

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